Receiving a cancer diagnosis, it is overwhelming and frightening. Your first step on this cancer journey is to learn more about the cancer you have been diagnosed with. We want to help you learn more so that you can collaborate with us as we create a personalized cancer plan suited to you and your needs.
About Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer begins in the prostate gland, and occurs when cells begin to grow uncontrollably. Prostate glands are found only in makes, are help produce some of the fluid in semen. The prostate is located below the bladder, right in front of the rectum.
There are several different types of prostate cancer. The most common is adenocarcinomas; this cancer develops in the gland cells that help produce prostate fluid for semen. There are additional prostate cancers that rare. These include sarcomas, small cell carcinomas, transitional cell carcinomas, and neuroendocrine tumors. Prostate cancer can develop quickly; however, most studies show that the cancer develops and grows rather slowly. Because of this some men live with prostate cancer throughout their lives with the diagnosis only being revealed after a non cancer related death.
There are precancerous conditions that can lead to prostate cancer. One such condition is prostate intraepithelial neoplasia or PIN. In PIN there are changes in the prostate gland that are abnormal. There is low-grade pin, and high-grade pin, each reflecting different levels of abnormal pattern behavior. Although PIN could possibly lead to prostate cancer, the link between the two is still unclear.
Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms
Besides skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. There are multiple factors that affect the risk for prostate cancer including race, age, and family history. Prostate cancer can be found by running a blood test. The test will check for your levels of prostate-specific antigen, or PSA levels. You can also be tested with a digital rectal exam (DRE), which involves the doctor inserting his fingers into the rectum to feel the prostate gland. Normally after these initial tests, if something is abnormal, additional testing is needed to confirm the cancer and prostate cancer stage.
Prostate Cancer Prevention
As with most cancers some risks are preventable, while others are dependent on uncontrollable circumstance, such as your ethnicity. Uncontrollable risk factors for prostate cancer include age, race/ethnicity, and family history. Prostate cancer is very rare in men under the age of 40. The chances of getting prostate cancer rise after the age of 50. About 60% of prostate cancers found in men older than 65. Prostate cancer is also more common in African-American men, who are twice as likely to be diagnoses than white men. Prostate cancer is also dependent upon your family history. If your father, brother, or any other close male relative has had prostate cancer your risk doubles.
Understanding your Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
Prostate cancer is graded using the Gleason system. This helps us to know how quickly the cancer is growing, and if it can or has spread. Cancer cells are graded from 2 to 10 based off how they look compared to a normal prostate cell. The more abnormal your cells look, the higher grade they will receive. Once we have this grade, we can begin to find a treatment that is right for you. To determine how serious your cancer is, and if it has spread, you cancer will be put into a stage between 1 and 4. The lower the number, the less the cancer has spread in your body.
Prostate Cancer Treatments
As previously stated, the type of prostate cancer treatment you will need is dependent on many factors, such as the different prostate cancer stages, your age and health, and of course your medical preferences. The doctors and nurses at Altus Cancer Center will be a prominent source in learning more about your cancer. We will explain your diagnosis, treatment options, and explain the progress that takes place along the way. At Altus Cancer Center, we develop a personalized approach based on your specific needs. In addition, we also offer additional resources including the emotional support you will need for your cancer journey.
What can we do for you?
The 5 year survival rate is 99% for prostate cancer confined to the prostate or nearby areas. Fortunately, prostate cancer is typically slow-growing and 9 out of 10 cases are found in early stages. Our nurses and expert physicians will be with you every step of the way as we create a personalized plan suited to you, and your needs. We know your cancer diagnosis is frightening and overwhelming. That’s why we will provide you with the emotional support and resources you need through your cancer journey. It is specifically designed to help you, and your loved ones navigate difficult decisions and complex information in a compassionate environment.
Contact Us to schedule an appointment
Thank you for choosing Altus Cancer Center to care for your during this time. Through this journey we want to provide the Altus touch to both patients and families through our caring staff. Please contact us for any, and all questions.
You can also schedule a appointment at Altus Cancer Center by phone.
Baytown | 281-837-7600 (ext 2241)